Foundations of Morality

Human beings are endowed with a power to reason and this gives them the capacity to distinguish between right and wrong, good and evil, true and false etc. However, this thought of reason is supplemented by the world of ideas whose being cannot be verified as it is known only to exist in a domain of pan-reality. Humankind has always been driven by this unverifiable realm and it is to be noted here that the greatest of thoughts which ever occurred to humans have emerged from this thought sphere. The enquiry to be made is whether morality has any basis on grounds of reasoning and thereby further deliberating over the fact of existence of a realm of ideas which cannot be empirically proven. Answers to certain questions are beyond the scope of natural sciences but the nature of human beings to gain dominance over every idea is the root cause of absence of absolute knowledge. Morality itself exists in a world where any definite knowledge cannot be said to be known. This world of idealism stems its roots from this mystical notion of morality. It is consistently advocated that human life is basically nihilistic and so is the foundation of morality. Therefore any action based on morality is inconsequential in the factual world and any attempts to authenticate such moral actions are futile.

The fundamental dichotomy is that we cannot know that we actually know about the foundations of morality. Any solid and concrete knowledge with respect to authority of morality is an absurd experiment to be conducted by us. The question can be succinctly put to us as “can the morality of an action be proved?” The truth of the unknown will never be truly known to man as even the known has been obscured from us. The knowledge of anything outside one’s own mind is unsure according to solipsism then isn’t it fruitless to delve into a realm whose foundations we are unaware of. Thus we witness the current surge of realism in the modern technologically advanced world. The parameters of morality are a reflection of the evolutionary process and therefore with the passage of time we observe the change of mind from a moral to realist philosophical foundation. This phenomenal alteration in the gradually developing society has resulted in human unable to appreciate between the moral and immoral preferences. Morality, in scientific terms, can be propounded as a function of anthropological factors. Moral nihilism is true to an extent but when convolution is established between the rules of the society and people’s actions, such an idea should be detested by one and all. The killing of a person in a city is condemned not solely on account of law established by the sovereign but also by virtue of a set of code of conduct imposed by the community at large based on moral reasons.

To reproduce a biblical example, the first murder can be traced to back to killing of Abel by Cain. Murder is a mortal sin and falls within the prohibition limit of God’s ten commandment. Cain justified his murder on account t of jealousy. This act of Cain altered the balance of the existing community. God punished him through exiling him from the Land of God i.e. Eden. This act of Cain was punished solely on grounds of morality and in contravention of God’s law. Absence of any legal rule substantiates morality as an authority for punishment. But still the foundation of morality is esoteric in this case as all the laws of God derived power from morality. Therefore, we observe that morality’s core ground can never be discerned or understood by humankind due to the inclusion of element of mysticism.

The philosophical question remains partially answered or may be the dearth of knowledge capacitated in human mind can never solve this paradox. The question is left open for the reader to demystify the conception of morality as a fact in the objective world or concede to super natural element present in determining the foundations of morality.

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Foundations of Morality

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